How Many Pounds of Wool Do You Get Off an Alpaca?

Alpacas, known for their elegant and gentle nature, possess a valuable resource that’s captured the attention of the textile industry – their wool. Alpaca fleece, harvested from these majestic creatures, comes in two different types, with the most common originating from the Huacaya variety. Resembling sheep wool in appearance, Huacaya fiber grows in a fluffy manner, providing a source of incredible softness and luxury. With each shearing session, an alpaca produces approximately five to ten pounds of fleece annually. This remarkable fiber, often likened to the coveted cashmere, possesses endless possibilities when it comes to it’s transformation into various products.

How Much Wool Does 1 Alpaca Produce?

When it comes to the wool production of alpacas, it’s important to consider various factors. One crucial factor is the weight of the alpaca itself. An adult alpaca, typically weighing around 150 pounds, can yield a substantial amount of fiber. On average, you can expect an alpaca to produce anywhere between 5 to 10 pounds of fleece.

The quantity of fiber can even vary within the same herd, depending on individual genetics, health, and nutrition.

The quality of the fleece is also a determining factor in how the fiber will be utilized. The micron count, which refers to the thickness of the individual fibers, plays a crucial role in determining the final destination of the fleece. Finer fibers with a lower micron count can be turned into high-quality yarn, clothing, or household items. On the other hand, coarser fibers may be used for more utilitarian purposes such as rugs or insulation.

The final destination of the fiber is determined by the micron count, with finer fibers used for higher quality products and coarser fibers used for more practical purposes. However, it’s important to note that wool production can vary depending on individual factors and proper care plays a crucial role in ensuring optimum yield.

Techniques for Shearing Alpacas and Best Practices for Wool Collection

  • Choosing the right tools for shearing alpacas
  • Preparing the shearing area and ensuring alpacas are calm
  • Properly securing and positioning the alpaca for shearing
  • Using correct shearing techniques to avoid injury
  • Maintaining cleanliness and hygiene during shearing
  • Handling and collecting wool without damaging fibers
  • Sorting and grading the collected wool based on quality
  • Proper storage and packaging of alpaca wool
  • Implementing biosecurity measures to prevent diseases
  • Following industry regulations and best practices for wool collection

Alpaca yarn, made from the fiber harvested from an alpaca, can vary in price. High-quality alpaca fiber can be sold for $2 to $4 per ounce, but the average wholesale price is around $0.50 to $0.75 per ounce.

Is Alpaca Yarn Expensive?

Alpaca yarn can be quite expensive due to various factors. Firstly, the quality of the alpaca fleece greatly affects it’s price. High-quality alpaca fiber, which is soft, luxurious, and free from impurities, commands a higher price in the market.

Compared to other types of wool, alpaca fleece is relatively rare, which increases it’s value. Alpacas are bred in limited numbers and their wool isn’t as readily available as traditional sheep wool.

The fiber needs to be carefully sorted, cleaned, and spun into yarn, which requires skilled labor and specialized equipment.

Alpacas come in a range of natural colors, from white and beige to shades of brown and black. Rare colors, such as silver grey and rose grey, are highly sought after and can command a higher price in the market.

It’s softness, warmth, and hypoallergenic properties make it a popular choice for those seeking high-quality and luxurious yarn for their knitting, crocheting, and weaving projects.

How to Care for and Maintain Alpaca Yarn

  • Store your alpaca yarn in a breathable bag or container to protect it from dust and moths.
  • Avoid using plastic bags as they can trap moisture and cause mold or mildew to form.
  • Keep your alpaca yarn away from direct sunlight as it can fade the colors over time.
  • When washing alpaca yarn, use lukewarm water and a mild soap specifically made for delicate fabrics.
  • Gently hand wash the yarn and avoid agitating or wringing it to prevent stretching or felting.
  • Rinse the yarn thoroughly to remove any soap residue.
  • After washing, gently squeeze out excess water and lay the yarn flat on a clean towel to air dry.
  • Avoid hanging the yarn to dry as it can cause it to stretch.
  • If you need to remove wrinkles or reshape the yarn, steam it with a handheld steamer or iron on a low setting.
  • When storing alpaca yarn long-term, place a sachet of lavender or cedar chips in the container to deter moths.

Source: What’s Alpaca Wool Fabric: Properties, How it’s Made and …


This soft and luxurious fleece, often compared to cashmere, can be transformed into a multitude of products, including yarn, apparel, tapestries, and blankets. Alpacas provide a sustainable and versatile source of natural fiber, making them valuable contributors to the textile industry.

Scroll to Top